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Thread: Need a step-by-step overclocking guide

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    Default Need a step-by-step overclocking guide

    Hey everybody!

    I'm a first-time overclocker, and I need a very detailed, step-by-step guide to safely overclocking my processor, preferably with a program, although I'm willing to mess around in BIOS.

    The processor I currently use is a AMD Athlon(tm) 64 Processor 4000+ currently set for 2.4GHZ. This (unfortunately) is a single-core processor, and I'd like to push it as far as it can go without putting my system in danger. My computer is custom-built, and it has a total of six fans carefully placed inside the case to maximize airflow. I've never had a problem related to overheating before thanks to those things, so I'm pretty confident in their performance.

    I'm not entirely sure what other information I need to include, so please ask if you need anything. I have a second computer I could use for IMing purposes, etc., and I'd prefer it if somebody used an instant messenger of some sort to guide me through this in case I really screw something up and need immediate help.

    Thanks in advance, and feel free to ask for any more information regarding my system =)

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    Hey, bud! Welcome to Pure OC!

    Can you tell us your motherboard? If you don't know, download CPU-Z, and go to the mainboard tab. If you would, please update your system profile in the User CP and make it available for us to see.

    What is your processor currently using for a heatsink? The stock AMD heatsink?

    You'll need a temp monitoring program, too. Hardware Monitor is a winner.
    Last edited by logan; 23-01-2010 at 00:48. Reason: bad link

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    Quote Originally Posted by psykl0n View Post
    Hey, bud! Welcome to Pure OC!

    Can you tell us your motherboard? If you don't know, download CPU-Z, and go to the mainboard tab. If you would, please update your system profile in the User CP and make it available for us to see.

    What is your processor currently using for a heatsink? The stock AMD heatsink?

    You'll need a temp monitoring program, too. Hardware Monitor is a winner.
    Thanks for the quick reply!

    I've updated just about everything that I know about my system to my system profile on these forums. If there's anything else, I could probably open her up and find out for you =)

    My processor does use the stock AMD heatsink, yes. That shouldn't be a problem, though, right?

    For temperature monitoring, I use PC Probe II, would that work for what we're doing?

    EDIT: Just to let you know, all of my hardware is currently set to its default setting. I had a problem with the power supply a while ago, and I reset the CMOS to try to fix it. I ended up switching the power supply out with my dad's computer (They both use the same model power supply, it's just mine acts up in my system, for some odd reason), but that's another story =)
    Last edited by Nalestom; 23-01-2010 at 01:05.

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    Ya, it'll work. I find that Hardware monitor has a friendlier UI, though.

    The AMD heatsink should work moderately well for a bit. How are your idle temps?

    I'm jealous of your proc. Back when I was on 939, I had only a 3500+ (venice). The San Diegos are a good line, lots of L2 cache! (not by todays standards, though)

    And to your RAM, are they all the same kit, or mix and match? If they're a kit, please do post their rated speed, timings and voltage.

    Intelburntest is a good program for testing your temperatures. If you choose to run it to see your current load temps, make sure you set the stress to maximum.

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    Quote Originally Posted by psykl0n View Post
    Ya, it'll work. I find that Hardware monitor has a friendlier UI, though.

    The AMD heatsink should work moderately well for a bit. How are your idle temps?

    I'm jealous of your proc. Back when I was on 939, I had only a 3500+ (venice). The San Diegos are a good line, lots of L2 cache! (not by todays standards, though)

    And to your RAM, are they all the same kit, or mix and match? If they're a kit, please do post their rated speed, timings and voltage.

    Intelburntest is a good program for testing your temperatures. If you choose to run it to see your current load temps, make sure you set the stress to maximum.
    Hehe, yeah, very rarely do I come across any problems with my processor (Or with my entire system, to be honest!). I don't think I've ever had a BSOD or some other crash based upon hardware that wasn't my doing.

    I'm not entirely sure what my idle temperatures are, but I do know that they never got very hot. My CPU is currently running at around 100%, and it doesn't seem to get hotter than 50 degrees Celsius.

    As for the RAM...That's a good question. Just recalling from memory, I'd take an estimated guess that all of them are the same model, so I'm running Intelburntest to see what the levels are.

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    Ok. Check the memory tab of CPU-Z to get the current frequency and timings.

    Also, you don't need to run IBT for 20 passes to check your max temp, run it for a minute or so.

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    Quote Originally Posted by psykl0n View Post
    Ok. Check the memory tab of CPU-Z to get the current frequency and timings.

    Also, you don't need to run IBT for 20 passes to check your max temp, run it for a minute or so.


    All slots are exact duplicates of that, except for the fourth slot, where the "RAS# to CAS#" and "RAS# Precharge" rows are at 4 instead of 3. Other than that, they are all the same.

    Still running Intelburntest to find out the temperature.

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    You're probably fine on temperature by now.

    Can you get a screenshot of the memory tab? That's the one we're interested in right now.

    What was your max CPU temp for that run?

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    I tested it a few times, all of them turned out under 50 degrees Celsius when at 100%, as far as temperature goes.

    EDIT: Intelburntest just finished, it said I managed to retain stability, and I set the stress test to maximum =D Below's a screenshot of the results.

    Last edited by Nalestom; 23-01-2010 at 01:56.

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    Your RAM can run DDR 400 stock, so we have a decent amount of headroom considering your current RAM speed.

    Try setting your DDR voltage to 2.5v, vCore (CPU Voltage) to 1.4v and bump your HT (hyper transport, or clock frequency, or FS a little bit, to 210. You'll also want to drop your HT multiplier down a bit, to 4x.

    Your CPU's frequency is HTT x Multiplier = Freq. Stock, yours is (IIRC) 12 x 200 = 2.4GHz.

    This will take it to 12 x 210 = 2520, a slight overclock, but for your first time, we're going to take it slowly.

    Your max temp is 70C, and with you being under 50 under load, we have some headroom.

    If you can boot at 2520, then add another 5 to the HTT. If it refuses to boot, then bump your CPU voltage to 1.45V. We're going to bump the voltage up a bit now, and then fine tune it once we are stable.

    Post back with issues/successes! You'll probably cap out at 2.8-9GHz, so this should be pretty fast! (higher if you get a good heatsink, or if temps are safe)
    Last edited by logan; 23-01-2010 at 02:20.

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    oh, wow.

    2GFLOPS..

    I forgot about how old that chip is, lol. Doing 20 passes will take literally an eternity. You should use Orthos or Prime 95 instead. A quick search with Bing or Google will have a download link.

    Now for more details

    If you reach a point at which you are no longer stable, bump your voltage a little bit, but be wary to raise it above 1.5V, and try to keep temps below 60C. 70C may be max, but the hotter it gets, the less stable it is.

    Stock on your chip is 1.35-1.4V, so we started at 1.4 just so you have less space before you need to bump voltage.

    If you can boot at 2.5GHz, then try to boost your HTT to 217, so your CPU will be at 2.6GHz. If it boots, then you should either bump the HTT more so you can get to 2.7, or run Orthos for a while, overnight, preferably. Your RAM and HT are on low enough ratios that they shouldn't get in the way, and just your CPU should be hindering the OC.

    If you run Orthos all night and you are stable, that's great! If not, bump the voltage a little bit, or lower the HT a little bit, and try to get stability. Make sure your temps are safe! You don't need to babysit them, by the way. Once it's been running for a while, your temps should stabilize and not fluctuate wildly.

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    I have to go to bed, I have work in the morning. I'll reply to this thread at work as I am able to.

    Good luck!

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    Oh, and before I forget, if you hit any irreversible problems, reset CMOS by unplugging your PC and pulling out the battery on the motherboard and wait a little bit. When you restart, BIOS should be all set to default settings.

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    Quote Originally Posted by psykl0n View Post
    Oh, and before I forget, if you hit any irreversible problems, reset CMOS by unplugging your PC and pulling out the battery on the motherboard and wait a little bit. When you restart, BIOS should be all set to default settings.
    Understood, thanks for your help =) I'll update this post as I encounter errors, etc.

    I set my HTT to 220, and it crashed on me a few minutes after booting up. I assumed it was a power issue, because I was monitoring my temperatures while doing CPU-intensive work, and it clocked in at only 44 degrees. I'll continue to increase my HTT by 5 along with my voltage by 5 until I hit around 60 degrees while benchmarking.

    EDIT: Finally found my limit, and it's not on temperature, but power instead. The maximum setting for CPU volts is 1.55, but I manage to crank out a steady 2.72GHZ, which is still a pretty nice upgrade for a single-core =)

    Next task...GPU OVERCLOCKING! =D =D =(
    Last edited by Nalestom; 23-01-2010 at 03:50.

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    1.55 is pretty high. Try to lower it in notches, if you press - and + on your keyboard while the BIOS selector thing is on voltage, it will move in notches. Try to lower it a bit, see if you can't get it stable with less. .5V is a big jump to make several times, so now that it's working moderately well, we need to drop the voltage to the lowest stable setting.

    For that, do the + and - thing I just mentioned, and then run orthos for a bit. If it doesn't crash after a while, then restart, go into BIOS, and lower the voltage a little. Can we get a screenshot of your CPU and Memory tabs pls?

    I'm not familiar with that series of GPUs, I had a 7800GT back in the day! We'll need someone else to help with that.

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    Have you thought about upgrading your system, or at least your chip ?

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